In Confirmation the Holy Spirit seals a Christian’s life of faith in Jesus Christ already conferred in Baptism. Its signs are the laying on of hands on a person’s head, by a bishop or a priest delegated by the diocesan bishop, and the anointing with oil. Like Baptism, Confirmation is received only once.

Confirmation is normally received, after an intensive catechetical preparation when a young person is at least twelve years of age. This is achieved principally with co-operation of the young person’s parents, the help of their teachers at school and their Catholic parish.